There are about 2.6 million dementia patients in Germany. It is expected that in 2030 there will be about 700,000 people in need of care in NRW (3.4 million in Germany). More than 300,000 new cases occur every year. As a result of demographic changes, far more new cases of dementia occur than deaths among those already ill. For this reason, the number of dementia patients is continuously increasing. Unless a breakthrough in prevention and therapy is achieved, the number of patients will double by 2050. This corresponds to an average increase in the number of people suffering from dementia of 40,000 per year or more than 100 per day. In the older population without German citizenship, there are about 48,000 patients. The number of people with dementia who have not yet reached the age of 65 is more than 25,000.1


According to the law, each house for dementia patients may accommodate two residential communities with a maximum of 24 people. This means that there is a need for 13,333 dementia houses in NRW.  There are currently about 800 of these houses in NRW. The demand will rise to approximately 26,000 dementia houses by 2050.

Even though the number of dementia diseases increases steadily with age, there are certainly people who suffer from dementia well before the age of 65. Between the ages of 45 and 65, about every 1,000th person is concerned, in Germany between 20,000 and 24,000 people. Less than 2 percent of all dementia patients are younger than 65.

Dementia residential community

The residential community for dementia patients offers an ideal alternative to outpatient care for people in need of care at home or in nursing homes. Each resident of the dementia shared flat (usually 6-12 dementia patients live together) has their own room, bathroom and kitchen are shared. The affected dementia patients are integrated into everyday activities, they help each other and spend their daily lives together.

Those in need of care are supported by an external nursing service. Each roommate has a certain number of hours of care, which is covered by the care insurance. A dementia house usually has two shared apartments of 12 people each, so the care hours of the 24 people in need of care are added up and you get a total of 48 hours of care, 24 hours of housekeeping and 12 hours of animation. This means that the people receiving care receive significantly better care than in an inpatient facility.

Benefits for residents:

  • The family structures in the residential community have a positive effect on the state of health of the dementia patients
  • The care hours of the individual residents covered by the nursing care insurance are added up to ensure all-round care
  • The legislator in Germany promotes this form of living and has decided that people in need of care should either be cared for at home or together in a residential community

Benefits for the investor

The property is rented for 15 years by a general tenant and the people are cared for by a mobile care provider. The tenant assumes all costs including the costs of facility management. Only maintenance costs are borne by the investor. For this purpose, the investor receives a warranty guarantee from the property developer for the first 5 years after the purchase of a dementia house, which is secured by an insurance company guarantee.

For the dementia houses, our Constantia Immobilien GmbH takes over the administration for the entire rental period of 15 years. The general tenant bears the costs.

Should the general tenant default, e.g. due to insolvency, the subtenancy contracts with the people cared for are automatically transferred to the investor. The investor therefore has no loss of rent and can engage another general tenant.

By investing in a residential community for people with dementia, the investor helps people with dementia, improves their care and at the same time profits from an attractive return.

House management